Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by either a viral or bacterial disease. The lungs become inflamed as your alveoli (tiny air sacs) become filled with fluid, causing an infection to arise.
During winter Pneumonia commonly transpires as a result of the flu or common cold, and can range from a mild case to a potentially life-threatening illness. Because of its severity, stay healthy this winter and know what signs to stay conscious of.
- Difficulty breathing
- Coughing and wheezing
- Chest Pains
- Fever and chills
- Coughing up green or yellow mucus
- Confusion in older adults
Such symptoms range in their level of severity. Nevertheless, if you or a family member experience any of these symptoms contact a medical health practitioner immediately. In some cases, a doctor may require you to receive a Chest X-ray, CT Scan or blood tests for further diagnostics.
Treatment for pneumonia will vary based on a person’s age and the type of infection acquired
- Antibiotics may be prescribed by a general health practitioner in order to help combat pain, fever and coughing
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Get lots of rest
- Hospitalisation may be required in high risk cases and or when affecting high risk groups, such as infants, young children or the elderly
- Do not smoke
- Stay hygienic by washing your hands, disinfecting dirty surfaces and covering your mouth when coughing or sneezing