Stay healthy and learn the facts
What is pneumonia ?
Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs caused by either a viral or bacterial disease. The lungs become inflamed as your alveoli (tiny air sacs) become filled with fluid, causing an infection to arise.
During winter Pneumonia commonly transpires as a result of the flu or common cold, and can range from a mild case to a potentially life-threatening illness. Because of its severity, stay healthy this winter and know what signs to stay conscious of.
What symptoms should you look out for?
- Difficulty breathing
- Coughing and wheezing
- Chest Pains
- Fever and chills
- Coughing up green or yellow mucus
- Confusion in older adults
Such symptoms range in their level of severity. Nevertheless, if you or a family member experience any of these symptoms contact a medical health practitioner immediately. In some cases, a doctor may require you to receive a Chest X-ray, CT Scan or blood tests for further diagnostics.
How to treat it?
Treatment for pneumonia will vary based on a person’s age and the type of infection acquired
- Antibiotics may be prescribed by a general health practitioner in order to help combat pain, fever and coughing
- Drink plenty of fluids
- Get lots of rest
- Hospitalisation may be required in high risk cases and or when affecting high risk groups, such as infants, young children or the elderly
How to help prevent Pneumonia?
- Do not smoke
- Stay hygienic by washing your hands, disinfecting dirty surfaces and covering your mouth when coughing or sneezing
For more information visit the Lung Foundation’s website, or view their fact sheet by clicking here.